Search result for "South China Sea"

  • A Third Way for the US in the South China Sea
    A Third Way for the US in the South China Sea

    Category: Commentary
    Washington should think beyond the dyad of balancing and appeasement. The struggle for a rule-based order in South China Sea is enduring and comprehensive, which requires greater persistence and stronger engagements on the part of the US and other regional countries. 
  • Announcement for the 9th South China Sea International Conference

    Category: Videos
    The Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam (DAV), the Foundation for East Sea Studies (FESS) and the Vietnam Lawyers’ Association (VLA) are pleased to host the 9th South China Sea International Conference: “Cooperation for Regional Security and Development” on 27-28 November 2017 in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam.
  • US’ competitive policy needed in South China Sea

    Category: Book review
    Robert Haddick’s “Fire on the Water: China, America and the Future of the Pacific” gives readers in-depth knowledge of the present strategic landscape in the Asia-Pacific and the dilemma that the status quo superpower is facing over there.   
  • A SOUTH CHINA SEA CODE OF CONDUCT: A HOPEFUL REALITY OR A HOPELESS FALSITY?
    A SOUTH CHINA SEA CODE OF CONDUCT: A HOPEFUL REALITY OR A HOPELESS FALSITY?

    The Maritime Issues conducts a conversation with Southeast Asia-based experts on issues related to a Code of Conduct (COC) for the South China Sea
  • ASEAN’S Long March to a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea
    ASEAN’S Long March to a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea

    Category: Politics
    If the past is prologue, China’s disregard for the Award and its continual militarization of its features in the South China Sea means that ASEAN’s Long March for a COC will remain a protracted one.
  • The South China Sea one year after Arbitral Award: The Calm before the Storm?

    Although the South China Sea award has brough much clarity to the scope of the disputes and opened possibilities for peaceful dispute management, the situation in the South China Sea in the past year tends to tell a different story.  
  • Shangri-La Dialogue 2017: the South China Sea and the end of a Rules-Based Order?
    Shangri-La Dialogue 2017: the South China Sea and the end of a Rules-Based Order?

    Category: Politics
    A key focal point of discussions at the June 2017 Shangri-La Dialogue (Security Summit) in Singapore was China and its actions in the South China Sea. Both the opening keynote address and the first two plenary sessions implicitly and/or explicitly responded to Beijing’s construction and militarisation of artificial islands in the area and, for this purpose, placed a significant amount of emphasis on the need to maintain a rules-based order. 
  • The South China Sea after the Arbitral Tribunal
    The South China Sea after the Arbitral Tribunal

    Category: Politics
    The Arbitral Tribunal’s ruling has changed the situation in the South China Sea in unexpected ways.
  • The South China Sea and China-US Relations: Beijing’s Perspective
    The South China Sea and China-US Relations: Beijing’s Perspective

    Category: Politics
    Over the last few years the South China Sea (SCS) dispute has become a chief point of friction between Beijing and Washington, causing widespread apprehensions of an emerging Sino–US rivalry that could unsettle the long peace and stability that the region has enjoyed since the 1970s. While there have long been differences between the two countries in their positions in the SCS – and unlike issues such as Taiwan, Tibet, and even trade disputes until recently – the SCS dispute has never assumed such a central place in the bilateral relationship as it is today.
  • Prepare for a Stormy 2017 in the South China Sea
    Prepare for a Stormy 2017 in the South China Sea

    Category: Commentary
    The desire to see Chinese diplomatic softening as a sign of a new status quo is understandable, and it is important that the door be left open for Beijing to deescalate. But China’s recent behavior should be seen as the best indicator of its future intentions.
  • Middle Powers and  the South China Sea: Time to Step Up, or Step Out?
    Middle Powers and the South China Sea: Time to Step Up, or Step Out?

    Category: Working Papers
    The decision in July 2016 by a special tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration to dismiss the legitimacy of China’s expansive territorial claims in the South China Sea has raised significant questions about how this issue should be managed in the future. Some have argued that the ruling presents an opportunity for regional states to reset interactions with Beijing by emphasising cooperation over sovereignty claims, while others have underscored its importance as a lever to push back further against Chinese territorial claims in maritime Asia.
  • National Interests and the Role of Major and Middle Powers in the South China Sea: Australia’s Cautiously Calibrated Approach
    National Interests and the Role of Major and Middle Powers in the South China Sea: Australia’s Cautiously Calibrated Approach

    Category: Working Papers
    However vocally supportive Canberra is of the United States in the South China Sea, in an operational sense Australia has held back since Washington began its current freedom of navigation operations (FONOPs), in October 2015, shortly after Malcolm Turnbull took over as Prime Minister. Why is that so? 
  • The Potential Utility of International Law in Conflict Mitigation and Resolution in the South China Sea
    The Potential Utility of International Law in Conflict Mitigation and Resolution in the South China Sea

    Category: Working Papers
    The conflicts in the South China Sea have a substantial legal dimension. The disputes over territorial sovereignty and maritime rights are classical subjects of international law. UNCLOS provides a comprehensive framework of international rules on the maritime claims of the riparian States and the use of the South China Sea by nations generally. The compulsory dispute settlement system under the UNCLOS envisages an effective and rule-based process for mitigating and resolving maritime conflicts. 
  • Japan’s National Interests in the South China Sea: FON, the Rule of Law, and Nuclear Deterrence
    Japan’s National Interests in the South China Sea: FON, the Rule of Law, and Nuclear Deterrence

    Category: Working Papers
    The great geostrategist Nicholas Spykman once described the South China Sea as the ‘Asiatic Mediterranean’ to emphasise its importance in Asian geopolitics. Just as the Roman Empire sought control over the Mediterranean and the United States over the Caribbean in pursuit of regional dominance, China seeks dominance over the South China Sea, making it a ‘Chinese Caribbean.’
  • State Transformation and Chinese Actions in the South China Sea
    State Transformation and Chinese Actions in the South China Sea

    Category: Working Papers
    Chinese actions in the South China Sea (SCS) have been closely observed by analysts in recent years. Many incidents indicate the implementation of a strategy for the expansion of Chinese control over the disputed waters. These include clashes involving fishing and coast guard vessels; activities such as large-scale dredging and land reclamation; and proclamations of Chinese sovereignty over the entire ‘Nine-Dash Line’ area.
  • The South China Sea and China-US Relations: Beijing’s Perspective
    The South China Sea and China-US Relations: Beijing’s Perspective

    Category: Working Papers
    Over the last few years the South China Sea dispute has become a chief point of friction between Beijing and Washington, causing widespread apprehensions of an emerging Sino–US rivalry that could unsettle the long peace and stability that the region has enjoyed since the 1970s. While there have long been differences between the two countries in their positions in the SCS – and unlike issues such as Taiwan, Tibet, and even trade disputes until recently – the SCS dispute has never assumed such a central place in the bilateral relationship as it is today. 
  • Rebalancing: Vietnam’s South China Sea Challenges and Responses
    Rebalancing: Vietnam’s South China Sea Challenges and Responses

    Category: Working Papers
    The South China Sea persists as the leading security and development challenge for Vietnam. In Hanoi’s view, the situation in the South China Sea affects almost all aspects of national security and development: protecting territorial integrity and national sovereignty; promoting maritime economic development; maintaining an external peaceful environment and, in particular, peaceful relationships with China and other claimants; and safeguarding regime legitimacy and internal stability.
  • The South China Sea:  A Challenging Test of the International Order
    The South China Sea: A Challenging Test of the International Order

    Category: Working Papers
    A central task of the rules-based international order is to address disputes equitably between states without resorting to force or coercion. This task is especially important when disputes involve states with stark power imbalances. In these cases the temptation to pressure and coerce may be especially alluring, as the example of Thucydides’ unfortunate Melians demonstrates. 
  • The Military–Strategic Situation in and around the South China Sea

    Category: Working Papers
    The nations surrounding the South China Sea (SCS) now constitute a leading consumer of arms, and increasingly some of the most modern and most advanced armaments are finding their way into the inventories of Asian militaries. As a result, many Asian-Pacific militaries have experienced a significant, if not unprecedented, build-up over the past several years, in terms of quantity and quality.
  • The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific: The Economic Context for Regional Conflict and Cooperation
    The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific: The Economic Context for Regional Conflict and Cooperation

    Category: Working Papers
    East and Southeast Asia have seen considerable economic growth over the past few decades. The pace of development in China has been virtually unprecedented, with millions of people being raised above severe poverty to a middle-class lifestyle. This outcome has resulted from national investments in human capital and infrastructure and policies that have encouraged business growth and trade. 
  • Fostering Cooperation in the South China Sea (Special session for Representatives from SCS Young Leaders’ Group)

    Category: Videos
    Since 2015, this annual South China Sea Conference series has initiated the Young Leaders Program, which has attracted a dozen of bright young scholars and PhD candidates from many countries to come and discuss ways to foster cooperation in the South China Sea. Young Leaders Program has two main objectives: (i) getting fresh views from young scholars on how to manage disputes in the South China Sea; and (ii) engaging and building research interests of new generation of scholars on maritime disputes in the South China Sea. Representative of the Young Leaders group will present the group's discussion and their views on ...
  • Mechanisms for Managing the South China Sea Tensions

    Category: Videos
    There are already a number of mechanisms in place for managing the South China Sea tensions. While these mechanisms in some extent managed to prevent tensions from escalating into conflicts, most are perceived as having overlapping functions. Besides, there are legitimate complaints that gaps still exist and that a number of global and regional institutions have not yet fully or partly utilized. At the same time, international good practices in semi-closed seas have not been fully explored for potential application in the South China Sea. This session examines the current state of regional security structures in dealing with South China Sea ...
  • Security, Politics and Diplomacy of the South China Sea Disputes

    Category: Videos
    As the South China Sea becomes a theatre for big power rivalry, there is a need to explore strategic policies of related powers and relations among them. It is worth investigating which factors have driven big powers’ maritime strategies and how they have perceived one another’s actions. What are these powers’ goals in the South China Sea, greater security or greater power? Are there any misperceptions or security dilemmas between claimants and between big powers? In view of rising tensions in the South China Sea, it is important to study how ASEAN has handled the maritime affairs and how the South ...
  • The political Economy of the South China Sea: Issues and Prospects
    The political Economy of the South China Sea: Issues and Prospects

    Category: Videos
    This session explores critical economic and environmental issues in the South China Sea. A range of factors have impacted on the political economy of the South China Sea, including the falling price of energy, the depletion of fish stocks, and substantial environmental degradation caused by human activities. Pertinent to the discussion on these issues are analyses of regional countries’ development plans and foreign policy agendas, most notably China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative. The session examines how the need for improved infrastructure, access to maritime resources and commons, and legal obligations to cooperation for environmental protection have affected the resolution and management ...
  • Opening Remarks at the 8th International Conference on the South China Sea, Nha Trang, November 2016
    Opening Remarks at the 8th International Conference on the South China Sea, Nha Trang, November 2016

    Category: Videos
    Over the last eight years, the series of the annual South China Sea Conferences organised by the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, Vietnam Lawyers Association, and Foundation for East Sea Studies (FESS) has contributed greatly to the scholarship on the South China Sea. 
  • International Law and the South China Sea
    International Law and the South China Sea

    Category: Videos
    This session assesses the utility of international law in managing and resolving the South China Sea disputes in the post-award context of the Philippines-China arbitration case at the Arbitration Tribunal set up under Annex VII of the UNCLOS. Arguably the long-awaited award that has surprised most, if not all, international observers has also changed the legal status quo in the South China Sea. What are the implications of the arbitration award for the South China Sea situation going forward? How might the Tribunal’s assessment of evidence, reasoning and conclusion in the Philippines-China case affect the claims of the parties directly involved ...
  • Whither the South China Sea Tensions?
    Whither the South China Sea Tensions?

    Category: Videos
    2016 has witnessed significant changes to the status quo in the South China Sea region, strategically and legally speaking. This session takes stock of the rhetoric and actions of the claimants and other relevant stakeholders with a view to mapping out continuity and changes in these countries’ policies and the dynamics of interactions between them that have shaped the current state of affairs as well as the possible contours of things in the future. Based on discussions of recent developments in the South China Sea, speakers are expected to identify general trends in the South China Sea situation in 2017 and ...
  • The Origin of the South China Sea Disputes: Historical Perspectives

    Category: Videos
    Most of the disputes in the South China Sea have existed for quite a while. This session examines the activities of claimants and stakeholders throughout history to trace the origin and evolution of the territorial and maritime disputes in the South China Sea. Who claims what in the South China Sea and since when? What were the factors driving the claimants’ interests in offshore territories? How have major powers got involved in the South China Sea? How have the courses of their national development influenced the South China Sea coastal countries’ maritime policies? How have maritime aspirations been incorporated into national ...
  • The South China Sea Arbitration: No, It’s Not a PCA Ruling
    The South China Sea Arbitration: No, It’s Not a PCA Ruling

    On July 12, 2016, an award in the arbitration case between the Philippines and China over the South China Sea was announced, which denied China’s “historic rights” in the South China Sea. As the award was released by the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in The Hague, the media reported that the PCA “ruled” the case, describing the award as a “PCA ruling.”  
  • ASEAN and South China Sea in 2017
    ASEAN and South China Sea in 2017

    The Maritime Issues conducts an interview with Kavi Chongkittavorn, a veteran ASEAN watcher who is a senior fellow at the Institute of Security and International Studies, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand) on all issues related to ASEAN and its South China Sea agenda.   
  • The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 6
    The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 6

    Category: Videos
    SESSION 6: Challenges and Implications for Conflict Mitigation and/or Dispute Resolution
  • The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 5

    Category: Videos
    SESSION 5: International Law, UNCLOS and the Arbitral Tribunal Determination: Retrospect and Prospects
  • The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 4
    The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 4

    Category: Videos
    SESSION 4: National interests and the Role of Major and Middle Powers in the SCS
  • The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 3
    The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 3

    Category: Videos
    SESSION 3: The SCS and China-US Relations: A Case of Great Power Rivalry, Reluctant Entanglement and/or Strategic Exaggeration?
  • The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 2
    The South China Sea in the Broader Maritime Security of the Indo-Pacific 2016_SESSION 2

    Category: Videos
    SESSION 2: Critical security and economic dilemmas for Southeast Asia in the South China Sea
  • Legal and Geographical Implications of the South China Sea Arbitration

    Introduction On 12 July 2016 the Arbitral Tribunal in in the case between the Philippines and China delivered its Award, following its earlier 29 October 2015 Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility.[1] The Tribunal was constituted under Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC),[2] having been initiated by the Philippines.[3] The Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague acted as the registry for the case and venue for hearings.[4] China, for its part, returned the Philippines’ notification of its claims, argued that the Tribunal lacked jurisdiction to hear the case, and has rejected the Tribunal’s Award.[5] The ...
  • Critical Security and Economic Dilemmas for Southeast Asia in the South China Sea: A Philippine Perspective

    Category: Security
    Critical Security and Economic Dilemmas for Southeast Asia in the South China Sea: A Philippine Perspective 
  • South China Sea
    South China Sea

    Category: Media  Map
  • Storm clouds gather over South China Sea ahead of key U.N. ruling
    Storm clouds gather over South China Sea ahead of key U.N. ruling

    Category: Politics
    Signs that China may be contemplating another bout of island-building in the South China Sea ahead of an important U.N. ruling on the issue have provoked the United States to step up its vigilance in the region in recent days.
  • Photos of the 7th South China Sea conference
    Photos of the 7th South China Sea conference

    Category: Book review
    The Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam (DAV), Foundation for East Sea Studies (FESS) and the Vietnam Lawyers’ Association (VLA) are pleased to host the 7th South China Sea International Conference: “Cooperation for Regional Security and Development” on 23-24 November 2015 in Vung Tau city, Viet Nam.
  • Overall information of the 7th South China Sea conference
    Overall information of the 7th South China Sea conference

    Category: Videos
    The Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam (DAV), Foundation for East Sea Studies (FESS) and the Vietnam Lawyers’ Association (VLA) are pleased to host the 7th South China Sea International Conference: “Cooperation for Regional Security and Development” on 23-24 November 2015 in Vung Tau city, Viet Nam.
  • After the South China Sea Ruling
    After the South China Sea Ruling

    Category: Politics
    The long-awaited Tribunal’s merits ruling will come soon. What happens then? In Part 1, I examined Chinese legal opinions regarding the Philippines-initiated arbitration case against China’s expansive nine-dash line (NDL) claim in the South China Sea (SCS). In short, the intent of Beijing’s legal position paper on the Philippine case at the International Tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in was to ensure the Tribunal judges ask the “right” (meaning “favorable”) questions in their deliberations. Beijing’s goal was to indirectly challenge the merits of the case without formally doing so — which would imply acknowledgment of the PCA’s jurisdiction.
  • The Case For Japan’s Patrol In The South China Sea
    The Case For Japan’s Patrol In The South China Sea

    Category: Environment
    China’s foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang criticized the exercise, saying the U.S. Navy ship “illegally entered” the waters near the islands “without receiving permission from the Chinese government,” “threatened China’s sovereignty and security interests,” and “endangered regional peace and stability.”
  • Possible Consequences of the Philippines’ South China Sea
    Possible Consequences of the Philippines’ South China Sea

    Category: Security
    PRC dredgers have created a land mass that spans the entire existing reef and is approximately 3,000 meters long and 200-300 meters wide. China is currently building an airstrip with an estimated final length of 3,110 meters, long enough to allow any PRC military aircraft to land. AMTI has obtained and released the first publicly available photos of this airstrip development. China has also begun development of port facilities which may be capable of docking military tankers. What will the implications of this development be for the region?
  • Time is of the Essence in South China Sea Arbitration Case
    Time is of the Essence in South China Sea Arbitration Case

    Category: Security
    orem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but 
  • The East China Sea: Chinese Efforts to Establish a “New Normal” and Prospects for Peaceful Management
    The East China Sea: Chinese Efforts to Establish a “New Normal” and Prospects for Peaceful Management

    Category: Politics
    As the world turns its attention from Chinese militarization of the South China Sea islets to North Korean nuclear and missile provocations, China is making every effort to establish a “new normal” in the East China Sea with more frequent military and paramilitary presence and more offshore gas platforms construction there. 
  • Interview with Bill Hayton

    The Maritime Issues conducted an interview with Bill Hayton, Associate Fellow of Chatham House on May 23, 2017. The interview covered a wide range of issues related to the South China Sea, including the effects of the Arbitral Award, the myths about China's claims and the future of US involvement in the South China Sea.
  • De-combatising the Spratly Disputes
    De-combatising the Spratly Disputes

    Category: Working Papers
    The possibility of standoffs among the Spratly disputants and especially between China and the US may have increased with the ruling of the Arbitral Tribunal on 12 July 2016. The award has invalidated Beijing’s basis for Spratly patrols based on the nine-dotted line. At the same time it lends America new ground for Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) in the South China Sea (SCS). These are part of the reason for Beijing to reject the arbitration award.
  • The ‘South Sea’ and ASEAN: Failing Unity amidst Beijing’s Duplicitous Diplomacy
    The ‘South Sea’ and ASEAN: Failing Unity amidst Beijing’s Duplicitous Diplomacy

    Category: Working Papers
    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has sought to address the challenges of the disputes in the South China Sea for close to a quarter of a century. This paper examines the circumstances and extent to which ASEAN has been effective in its response to the South China Sea dispute as well as the manner and means by which Beijing’s approach to the dispute has been influenced at the regional level.
  • Implications of the July 2016 Arbitral Tribunal Ruling
    Implications of the July 2016 Arbitral Tribunal Ruling

    For a considerable time now efforts to manage disputes and promote cooperation in the South China Sea have been inhibited by the lack of an equitably defined geography of disputed and non-disputed maritime zones in the South China Sea. The Award rendered by the Tribunal on 12 July 2016 in the so-called South China Sea arbitration initiated by the Philippines against China has put an end to that situation, thus opening up new cooperation opportunities for states in the region. 
  • Maritime Cooperation and Ocean Governance
    Maritime Cooperation and Ocean Governance

    Category: Working Papers
    This article primarily looks at the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to give content to the notions of maritime cooperation and ocean governance. It indicates certain areas of tension and specifically focusses on the South China Sea in general, and Indonesia more in particular.  
  • Interactions and Coordination at Sea
    Interactions and Coordination at Sea

    Category: Videos
    This session focuses on the interactions and coordination between various forces operating in the South China Sea, including naval, air and law enforcement forces of claimant and user states of the sea. Speakers are asked to address operational and legal issues and rules of engagement (ROE), as well as questions on how to avoid and manage incidents and how to promote information sharing and cooperation in dealing with maritime threats in the South China Sea. They are also expected to explore ideas and suggestions on practical measures for regional stakeholders to utilize in order to avoid and manage incidents that might ...
  • The geopolitics of US-China naval rivalry in the Western Pacific
    The geopolitics of US-China naval rivalry in the Western Pacific

    Category: Commentary
    For China, naval strategy is a means to force the US to adjust its geopolitical position in the Western Pacific to accommodate its rise.  The Chinese intention is to edge the US out of the Western Pacific and to dislodge it from its current forward military presence, leaving the South China Sea and Taiwan to a Chinese sphere of influence. 
  • Sino-Vietnamese diplomatic relations are more robust Japan Incorporates Senkaku
    Sino-Vietnamese diplomatic relations are more robust Japan Incorporates Senkaku

    Category: By Region
    After months of internal debate within the Obama administration, the guided missile destroyer USS Lassentransited within 12 nautical miles of Subi Reef, one of China’s artificially-built features in the South China Sea, on October 27 in what is termed a “freedom of navigation” (FON) operation. It was accompanied by two maritime surveillance aircraft, a P-8A Poseidon and a P-3 Orion.
  • August 1945: A Snapshot Of American Maritime Thales successfully completes test firing of 70mm laser-guided rocket Thales successfully completes test firing
    August 1945: A Snapshot Of American Maritime Thales successfully completes test firing of 70mm laser-guided rocket Thales successfully completes test firing

    Category: Economy
    China has been deliberately ambiguous about its claims to waters in the South China Sea. Although it has not specified exactly what its claim is around each of the built-up rocks or low-tide elevations in the Spratlys, China’s 1992 law on the territorial sea claims 12-nautical-mile territorial waters from all Chinese territory without distinction. In addition, the Chinese foreign ministry has implied that China claims territorial sovereignty over waters and airspace surrounding submerged reefs. In a statement on October 9, a foreign ministry spokesperson said that China does not “condone infringement of China’s territorial sea and airspace by any 
  • China’s Maritime Rights Protection Leading Small Group—Shrouded In Secrecy
    China’s Maritime Rights Protection Leading Small Group—Shrouded In Secrecy

    Category: Economy
    The U.S. government takes no position on the territorial disputes in the Spratly Islands, but does take a strong position on what kinds of claims are made to the waters surrounding those features. The United States shares the concerns of regional states that the intentional ambiguity of China’s claims to vast stretches of water and seabed are a leading driver of tensions in the South China Sea. U.S. 
  • Asia Pacific Maritime Security Strategy Roundtable
    Asia Pacific Maritime Security Strategy Roundtable

    The U.S. government takes no position on the territorial disputes in the Spratly Islands, but does take a strong position on what kinds of claims are made to the waters surrounding those features. The United States shares the concerns of regional states that the intentional ambiguity of China’s claims to vast stretches of water and seabed are a leading driver of tensions in the South China Sea. U.S. 
  • Chris Johnson Previews Xi Jinping's Visit
    Chris Johnson Previews Xi Jinping's Visit

    Category: Security
    FON operations are not primarily about military deterrence or diplomatic messaging, though in a politically charged atmosphere like the South China Sea those play a role. At its root, FON operations are legal exercises to reinforce the United States’—and in this case the overwhelming majority of the international community’s—interpretations of international maritime law. T
  • The U.S. Asserts Freedom Of Navigation In
    The U.S. Asserts Freedom Of Navigation In

    Category: Economy
    After months of internal debate within the Obama administration, the guided missile destroyer USS Lassentransited within 12 nautical miles of Subi Reef, one of China’s artificially-built features in the South China Sea, on October 27 in what is termed a “freedom of navigation” (FON) operation. It was accompanied by two maritime surveillance aircraft, a P-8A Poseidon and a P-3 Orion.
  • Philippines and Japan Strengthen a Twenty-First
    Philippines and Japan Strengthen a Twenty-First

    Category: Security
    Philippines’ approach took China by surprise. Beijing is by no means prepared to settle the South China Sea disputes through legal means. Chinese foreign policy elites are not convinced that the arbitration is about legal contestations between the Philippines and China at all. Many of them firmly believe that Washington has been heavily involved from the beginning, and that Manila initiated the case to provoke and put political pressure on Beijing. These elites point to the coincidental timing of various decisions by the tribunal and U.S. activities in the Asia Pacific. Chinese maritime lawyers claim that there are numerous weaknesses and ...
  • Weekly News 21/12 - 27/12
    Weekly News 21/12 - 27/12

    Category: Politics
    -(The Diplomat 22/12) The Strategist, the Lawyer and the South China Sea: Understanding law and politics in contested waters. - (Ibtimes 22/12) Japan Spots Armed Chinese Ships Patrolling Senkaku Islands: The sighting is likely to add tension to the already strained Tokyo-Beijing diplomatic relationship, which has suffered as a result of China's claims over island chains and territorial waters in the region. The sighting is likely to add tension to the already strained Tokyo-Beijing diplomatic relationship, which has suffered as a result of China's claims over island chains and territorial waters in the region.
  • China warns BBC plane away from artificial SCS island
    China warns BBC plane away from artificial SCS island

    Category: Politics
    A small plane chartered by a BBC news crew drew a warning from the Chinese navy after it flew near a Chinese-built artificial island in the South China Sea, according to a recent report. A small plane chartered by a BBC news crew drew a warning from the Chinese navy after it flew near a Chinese-built artificial island in the South China Sea, according to a recent report. A small plane chartered by a BBC news crew drew a warning from the Chinese navy after it flew near a Chinese-built artificial island in the South China Sea, according to a recent report.
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