The South China Sea: Have the Positive Trends in 2020 Continued in 2021? 

The South China Sea: Have the Positive Trends in 2020 Continued in 2021? 

By Nguyen Hung Son, Do Hoang
July 28, 2021
South China Sea is the subject of interests far beyond the littoral states, for what happens in the South China Sea would have deep consequences elsewhere. Most states also clearly indicate preference to lawfare to other means of contestation, because a rules-based Indo-Pacific is in the interests of all.
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The South China Sea Arbitration Award:

The South China Sea Arbitration Award: "A victory for all"

By Nguyen Hong Thao, Nguyen Thi Lan Huong
July 22, 2021
It is conceivable that the South China Sea Arbitral Award will continue to be a helpful guide leading the concerned parties to develop a viable rules-based order in the South China Sea, rather than allowing the region to become a 'might makes ...
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How can the Republic of Korea promote a trilateral ROK-ASEAN-U.S. alignment?

How can the Republic of Korea promote a trilateral ROK-ASEAN-U.S. alignment?

By Thuc D. Pham
June 25, 2021
The geopolitical landscape of the Indo-Asia-Pacific is changing considerably, marked by growing strategic competition between major powers, particularly the U.S. and China, at the time of the mysterious Covid-19 pandemic spreading worldwide.
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China’s Coast Guard Law: Japan’s Legal Approach

China’s Coast Guard Law: Japan’s Legal Approach

By Ho Hong Hanh
May 31, 2021
China announced its new Coast Guard Law containing worrisome provisions that need further clarification. Japan, a prominent claimant in the East China Sea, feels threatened by this law.  
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Major power competition in the South China Sea and 
Southeast Asian responses

Major power competition in the South China Sea and 
Southeast Asian responses

By Nguyen Hung Son
March 19, 2021
Major power competition, particularly the growing Sino-US multi-faceted rivalry characterized global politics in 2020. The South China Sea featured prominently in this rivalry in 2020.
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Will German ship’s South China Sea presence undermine regional security as China says?

Will German ship’s South China Sea presence undermine regional security as China says?

By Hoang Do
March 8, 2021
Germany's plan to deploy naval ship in the Indo-Pacific does not change its neutral position in the South China Sea dispute, is a careful practice of international law, and therefore will not erode regional stability nor any littoral country's sovereignty as China ...
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Indonesian Awakening: No South China Sea Negotiation with China

Indonesian Awakening: No South China Sea Negotiation with China

By Nguyen Hong Thao
June 26, 2020
Any country that does not make a drastic response to the Chinese claims right from the start, will one day become a victim.
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U.S. joins the battle of South China Sea diplomatic notes

U.S. joins the battle of South China Sea diplomatic notes

By Nguyen Hong Thao
June 10, 2020
The US communication added a voice to the common position of Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia on consideration of UNCLOS as the sole legal basis for defining, in a comprehensive and exhaustive manner, the scope of their respective maritime entitlements in ...
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Vietnam’s increasing Naval Diplomacy and future Possibilities

Vietnam’s increasing Naval Diplomacy and future Possibilities

By Tomas Jevsejevas
December 7, 2020
Vietnam is advancing Naval Diplomacy, and it could do much more.
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Viet Nam’s Note Verbale No.22/HC-2020: A Commentary

Viet Nam’s Note Verbale No.22/HC-2020: A Commentary

By Vo Ngoc Diep
May 7, 2020
The note seems to indicate, for the first time, an official Vietnamese position on the legal status of all high-tide features in both the Spratly and Paracel Islands. It implies that all high-tide features in the Spratly Islands, as well as in ...
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Concert of Indo-Pacific: An Option for Peace and Order in the East Asian Seas

Concert of Indo-Pacific: An Option for Peace and Order in the East Asian Seas

By Thuc D. Pham
May 6, 2020
Suggestions for lasting peace in the South China Sea and beyond need to incorporate small and medium states as well.
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The “Four-Sha” Claim:  Signalling a Post Covid-19 Global Order

The “Four-Sha” Claim: Signalling a Post Covid-19 Global Order

By Quach Thi Huyen
November 26, 2020
"Four-Sha" is a lens through which Chinese long-term ambitious claims over the South China Sea is fully exposed.  The current global health crisis provides a window of opportunity for the realisation of Chinese lofty hegemonic dream. While the international community may ...
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Extended Continental Shelf: A Renewed South China Sea Competition

Extended Continental Shelf: A Renewed South China Sea Competition

By Nguyen Hong Thao
April 17, 2020
The 2019 Malaysian partial CLCS submission renewed the legal exchanges over the South China Sea. Most of the claimants, except China and Brunei, through their statements and actions, expressed acceptance and support for the 2016 Tribunal Award.   
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A Short History of China’s Fishing Militia  and What it May Tell Us

A Short History of China’s Fishing Militia and What it May Tell Us

By Derek Grossman and Logan Ma
April 6, 2020
If history is a good indication of what to expect in the future, then Beijing is likely to double down on the Maritime Militia in virtually any scenario imaginable. That means it should be a force to be reckoned in the ...
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Did Vietnam’s Maritime Militia Really Swarm a China Military Base

Did Vietnam’s Maritime Militia Really Swarm a China Military Base

By Do Thanh Hai
March 18, 2020
Though recent allegations raise more questions than they provide answers, they should reinforce the need for greater transparency in the South China Sea.
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China's Maritime Militia: A Legal Point of View

China's Maritime Militia: A Legal Point of View

By Koki Sato
March 12, 2020
The international community should better understand how potential aggressors can leverage the ambiguity for low-level armed attack or aggression and be prepared to clearly identify it as an internationally wrongful act.
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Philippine Fulcrum

Philippine Fulcrum

By Aaron Kelly, Michael Tkacik
January 23, 2020
To strengthen its position in the Philippines and thus in the first island chain, the United States must achieve two key goals: diversify its diplomatic engagement with Manila and coordinate military resources and strategy.
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Scarborough Shoal: Debunking Historical Myths

Scarborough Shoal: Debunking Historical Myths

By Ulises Granados
December 22, 2019
As it might be difficult for China and the Philippines to defend their official claims over Scarborough as their own territory before the 20th century in an international court, both countries should engage in constructive negotiations over joint development. This is ...
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Malaysia’s New Game in the South China Sea

Malaysia’s New Game in the South China Sea

By Nguyen Hong Thao
December 21, 2019
The submission by Malaysia represents a positive step forward for coastal states in the SCS to clarify their claims and seriously discuss maritime delimitation in accordance with UNCLOS and the interpretation of its article 121 (3) by the 2016 Tribunal Award.
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Vietnam confronts China in the South China Sea

Vietnam confronts China in the South China Sea

By Do Thanh Hai
December 6, 2019
As Vietnam stands its ground and attests to the legitimacy of its claims in public, the ball is in Beijing’s court to decide whether China wants to be a responsible emerging power.
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25th Anniversary of UNCLOS 1982 and  its Implementation in Vietnam

25th Anniversary of UNCLOS 1982 and its Implementation in Vietnam

By Nguyen Hong Thao
November 26, 2019
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is one of the most important achievements of international law and the UN in the 20th century and continues to assert its role as the "Constitution of the Seas and ...
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Nightmare Scenario in the South China Sea: Japan’s Perspective

Nightmare Scenario in the South China Sea: Japan’s Perspective

By Satoru Nagao
September 12, 2019
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe worried that the South China Sea might become a ‘Lake Beijing,’ ... a sea deep enough for PLA navy to base their nuclear-powered attack submarines, capable of launching missiles with nuclear warheads. 
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Why Vanguard Bank and Why Now?  Explaining Chinese Behavior in the South China Sea

Why Vanguard Bank and Why Now? Explaining Chinese Behavior in the South China Sea

By Derek Grossman
August 16, 2019
Beijing may be probing the durability of deepening U.S.-Vietnam military-to-military relations. Vietnam has harbored serious questions about the sustainability of U.S. security commitments to allies, let alone what a “free and open” Indo-Pacific Strategy means for U.S. partners. China’s seizure of ...
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Coercive tactics: China, Turkey and International Law

Coercive tactics: China, Turkey and International Law

By Constantinos Yiallourides
August 9, 2019
Energy exploration by China and Turkey within the national waters of other nations is contrary to international law – it is upon the international community to steer recalcitrant states towards obedience.  
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The South China Sea Arbitral Award: Not ‘Just a Piece of Paper’

The South China Sea Arbitral Award: Not ‘Just a Piece of Paper’

By Lan Nguyen
August 7, 2019
As long as the claimant states continue to stand up to China’s excessive claims and defend their legitimate claims endorsed by the arbitral award, and as long as other states around the world do not turn a blind eye to the ...
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The ASEAN’s Achilles Heel: Institutional Deficit and Leadership Vacuum Amid China’s South China Sea Aggression

The ASEAN’s Achilles Heel: Institutional Deficit and Leadership Vacuum Amid China’s South China Sea Aggression

By Richard Javad Heydarian
August 2, 2019
ASEAN, long billed as the most successful model of regional integration in the post-colonial world, has become increasingly powerless in constraining Beijing’s emaciation of a regional rules-based order driven by principles of non-aggression, conflict-avoidance, and liberal multilateralism. 
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China’s Misstep in the South China Sea

China’s Misstep in the South China Sea

By Luc Anh Tuan
July 24, 2019
While China can gain some ground in short term by flexing its muscle, it would risk greater backlash from its neighbors and collective actions from the international community in the long run. China should not interpret regional countries’ patience and restraint ...
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Pondering Chinese actions in Vanguard Bank

Pondering Chinese actions in Vanguard Bank

By Swee Lean Collin Koh
July 22, 2019
Unless there is a firm international response against Chinese actions in Vanguard Bank, there could be similar repeats in the coming years simply because Beijing realises to its glee that coercion pays. It will thereby embolden not only China, but other ...
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 The Free Sea: The American Fight for Freedom of Navigation (Book Review)

The Free Sea: The American Fight for Freedom of Navigation (Book Review)

By Vo Ngoc Diep
April 8, 2019
James Kraska and Raul Pedrozo's book is a timely piece of scholarship to facilitate greater understanding about freedom of navigation from American perspective.
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How China’s actions at sea cause problems on land

How China’s actions at sea cause problems on land

By Bill Hayton
March 7, 2019
Too often analysts of the South China Sea disputes tend to treat them as somewhat abstract debates over different modes of global governance. We also need to see them as a clear and present danger to the livelihoods and standards of ...
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