Beijing’s Naval Posture in the South China Sea: A Post-Pandemic Update

Beijing’s Naval Posture in the South China Sea: A Post-Pandemic Update

This short paper seeks to highlight key updates on naval developments in the SCS since the start of COVID-19. But why specifically “naval” when coastguards appear to be on the front page of recent incidents in the disputed waters? The key development of concern here is how the PLA Navy has become a more assertive actor in Beijing’s quest to push its maritime sovereignty and rights in the SCS. The Southern Theater Command Navy is tasked with both SCS sovereignty and rights protection, and covering Taiwan in times of war. In recent times, this fleet has become a focus of attention for an intensified spate of military exercises, often with sister PLA service as part of the tit-for-tat posturing and counter-posturing against American military activities in the SCS. But while this fleet is generally restrained where it comes to ‘counter-presence’ operations directed at regular foreign military presence in the SCS, the same cannot be said of its apparent growing prominence in asserting China’s maritime sovereignty and rights.  
The Rise of ‘Minilateralism’: The ASEAN and its Struggle for Centrality in the South China Sea

The Rise of ‘Minilateralism’: The ASEAN and its Struggle for Centrality in the South China Sea

The paper analyzes the intersection of three key currents in Asian geopolitics, namely (i) the emergence Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) as a fulcrum of pan-regional integration, (ii) the evolution of South China Sea disputes as the preeminent geopolitical conflict of the 21st century, if not the site of the next great war; and, (iii) full commencement of the New Cold War between the United States (US) and China, dispensing with four decades of ‘constructive engagement’ vis-à-vis Beijing. 
Some reflections on developing India’s Blue Economy

Some reflections on developing India’s Blue Economy

Promoting marine renewable energy (MRE) and implementation of Emission Control Areas (ECAs) are some of the measures which can be adopted by countries in the Indian Ocean Region and the South China Sea to promote maritime sustainability. Financing sustainable maritime development is also critical for implementing Blue Economy and ‘debt for nature swaps’ provide an innovative financing mechanism to fund sustainable development in the maritime domain.
Citizen Science and New Technologies to Navigate Ocean Data Challenges and Opportunities

Citizen Science and New Technologies to Navigate Ocean Data Challenges and Opportunities

The protection of marine environment and ensuring the ocean’s sustainability are global issues.  Nowhere are they more important than in the South China Sea, a body of water offering abundant and complex marine ecosystems. Marine citizen science, along with the promise of data sharing and the adoption of the newest technologies, provide pathways to addressing the ocean conservation process, supporting collective and cooperative action and informing policy and public understanding of key environmental issues.
The 8th Ocean Dialogue: “40th Anniversary of UNCLOS: Promoting maritime cooperation in South East Asia”

The 8th Ocean Dialogue: “40th Anniversary of UNCLOS: Promoting maritime cooperation in South East Asia”

With the theme “40th Anniversary of UNCLOS: Promoting maritime cooperation in South East Asia”, the 8th Ocean Dialogue seeks to discuss maritime issues of common concern in the South East Asia region, promote common understanding of UNCLOS, and explore potential maritime cooperation. The Dialogue will be participated by international experts and scholars in maritime and law of the sea issues, diplomatic missions in Hanoi, and representatives of relevant ministries, government agencies, and research institutions from Southeast Asian countries and beyond. Co-organizers: The Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam (DAV), the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) office, and Australian Embassy in Hanoi  

Beijing’s Naval Posture in the South China Sea: A Post-Pandemic Update

This short paper seeks to highlight key updates on naval developments in the SCS since the ...

The Rise of ‘Minilateralism’: The ASEAN and its Struggle for Centrality in the South China Sea

The paper analyzes the intersection of three key currents in Asian geopolitics, namely (i) the emergence ...

Some reflections on developing India’s Blue Economy

Promoting marine renewable energy (MRE) and implementation of Emission Control Areas (ECAs) are some of the ...

Citizen Science and New Technologies to Navigate Ocean Data Challenges and Opportunities

The protection of marine environment and ensuring the ocean’s sustainability are global issues.  Nowhere are they ...

The 8th Ocean Dialogue: “40th Anniversary of UNCLOS: Promoting maritime cooperation in South East Asia”

With the theme “40th Anniversary of UNCLOS: Promoting maritime cooperation in South East Asia”, the 8th ...

Follow the Leaders

The Rise of ‘Minilateralism’: The ASEAN and its Struggle for Centrality in the South China Sea

The Rise of ‘Minilateralism’: The ASEAN and its Struggle for Centrality in the South China Sea

By Richard Javad Heydarian
The paper analyzes the intersection of three key currents in Asian geopolitics, namely (i) the emergence Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) as a fulcrum of pan-regional integration, (ii) the evolution of South China Sea disputes ...

Flashpoints

Viewing Maritime Forces Modernization in the Asia-Pacific in Perspective

Viewing Maritime Forces Modernization in the Asia-Pacific in Perspective

By Collin Koh Swee Lean
Maritime force buildup cannot be seen in quantitative terms only. In the foreseeable future, Asia-Pacific navies will continue to gravitate towards large, multi-role surface and subsurface platforms that exist in smaller numbers but being each vastly more ...

The History Reader

Scarborough Shoal: Debunking Historical Myths

Scarborough Shoal: Debunking Historical Myths

By Ulises Granados
As it might be difficult for China and the Philippines to defend their official claims over Scarborough as their own territory before the 20th century in an international court, both countries should engage in constructive negotiations ...

The Energy Watcher

Pondering Chinese actions in Vanguard Bank

Pondering Chinese actions in Vanguard Bank

By Swee Lean Collin Koh
Unless there is a firm international response against Chinese actions in Vanguard Bank, there could be similar repeats in the coming years simply because Beijing realises to its glee that coercion pays. It will thereby embolden ...

Book review

 The Free Sea: The American Fight for Freedom of Navigation (Book Review)

The Free Sea: The American Fight for Freedom of Navigation (Book Review)

By Vo Ngoc Diep
James Kraska and Raul Pedrozo's book is a timely piece of scholarship to facilitate greater understanding about freedom of navigation from American perspective.

Working Papers

ASEAN and Its Partners for Good Order at Sea: Problems and Proposals

ASEAN and Its Partners for Good Order at Sea: Problems and Proposals

By Le Dinh Tinh
This paper argues that only on a rule-based order enforced by appropriate measures can ASEAN and its partners achieve a peaceful and secure maritime environment that benefits all. To ensure safety and security amid the shifting ...

Expert Interview

A South China Sea Code of Conduct: A hopeful reality or a hopeless falsity?

A South China Sea Code of Conduct: A hopeful reality or a hopeless falsity?

The Maritime Issues conducts a conversation with Southeast Asia-based experts on issues related to a Code of Conduct (COC) for the South China Sea.

Commentary

Assessing China’s Crop Success in the South China Sea

Assessing China’s Crop Success in the South China Sea

By Hoang Do
China recently announced that it had successfully cultivated vegetables on Woody Island to meet food demand. But this crop serves more than a nutritional purpose.

Popcasts

Interview with Bill Hayton on the South China Sea in the post-ruling period

Interview with Bill Hayton on the South China Sea in the post-ruling period

The Maritime Issues conducts an interview with Bill Hayton, Associate Fellow of Chatham House on issues related to the South China Sea.

MDA/MSA

The Marine Track track of Vessel WANG111111 (MMSI 574811111)

The Marine Track track of Vessel WANG111111 (MMSI 574811111)

This is the track of the movement of the Vessel WANG111111 (MMSI 574811111), carrying Vietnamese designation AIS signals, but suspected as a Chinese ship. 
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